The Autodromo Nazionale Monza is a historic race track located near the city of Monza, north of Milan, in Italy. Built in 1922, it is the world's third purpose-built motor racing circuit after those of Brooklands and Indianapolis.
The circuit's biggest event is the Formula One Italian Grand Prix. Apart from 1980, the race has been hosted there since the series’ inception.
Monza consists of very long straights and tight chicanes, putting a premium on good braking stability and traction. The 5.793 kilometers (3.600 mi) circuit is very hard on gearboxes, with many gear changes per lap. Maximum speed achieved in a 2015 Formula One car is 358 kilometers per hour (222 mph), achieved at the end of the start/finish straight. They experience a maximum g-force of 4.50 during deceleration, as the track has many dramatic high to low speed transitions.
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